The town was established in 1482 when Ivan Crnojevic, the last ruler of the powerful medieval state of Zeta, built a castle
for himself under the Orlov Krs and he also built the Monastery for the residence of the metropolitan of the Zeta’s
diocese. He did this primarily because he was convinced that he could easily protect his state from conquerors in this inaccessible
location. As a nest of freedom, Cetinje resisted for centuries the numerous attacks of the big forces and was never conquered.
It also became a treasury of Montenegrin religious life in that period. Only forty years after Gutenberg’s invention,
Djuradj Crnojevic founded the famous Cetinje printing firm in 1494. The “Oktoih prvoglasnik”, published by this
Cetinje printing firm, was the first book printed in Cyrillic in the Balkans and in southern Slovenian.
In Cetinje the Montenegrins created and preserved their cultural treasures “with one hand” and in the other
hand they bore arms. The town-museum has the best crafted and the best-preserved collections of arms in the Balkans, and the
collection represents the supreme achivement of this craft.
Although there are not any rulers, dukes, Prince’s bodyguards, ambassadors, or consuls, walking along the streets
of Cetinje, they are still witnesses of the glorious Montenegrin history. To experience at least a part of it, one should
come down from the Orlov Krs to the Malo Guvno, area between the two main monuments, the monastery and Njegos’s Biljarda
Palace and museum. It reminds one of the famous Square of “Car zvono” , “the biggest bell”, in Moscow,
and allegedly it was also built on its example. Njegos’s magnificent work titled “Gorski vijenac”, Mountain
wreath, was written in Biljarda, a former office of the Senate. Museums, galleries, archives, and the art academies are what
make Cetinje one of the most attractive tourist centers of modern Montenegro.
Cetinje, next is the tour through the rocks of Montenegro(region called "stone sea")
and visit to Njegusi,the most famous montenegrin village. Great men of the Petrovic
dynasty were born in this pleasant and nice village, among those bishops Danilo and Njegos.
this village is famous for producing renowned cheese à la Njegusi, ham à la Njegusi and dried mouton meat. Quality honey and
old-Slavonic refreshing beverage medovina (mead) are produced in this mountain settlement. For this reason, all tourist group
always stop in this settlement and taste the Njegusi specialties.
Any stay in Cetinje should include a visit to Mount Lovcen. Njegos’s remains rest there in the monumental mausoleum,
which is the work of the world famous sculptor Ivan Mestrovic. He was the poet, wise man, philosopher, and leader who used
to say that “man is a light made for the sky” and that “life is a continuous battle”…
National Park “Lovcen”
most important monument of the National Park “Lovcen” is Njegos’ mausoleum, which was erected on the mountain
peak Jezerski Vrh. It was this eminent poet’s wish to be buried here.
National Park Lovcen encompasses the central and the highest part of the mountain massive with the same name. The highest
point is at the same time the highest peak of Lovcen –
Stirovnik, where the television tower is situated. Lovcen is the mountain, which had status of the saint mountain in the Montenegrin
tradition. It represents a symbol of national identity and statehood.
The most important monument value on Lovcen
is the Mausoleum of the Montenegrin great person Peter II Petrovic Njegos, the lord of Montenegro and the great poet. The Njegos
Mausoleum is work by the famous sculptor Ivan Mestrovic. In the entrance hall of the Mausoleum there are two stone Kariatides
, the Montenegrin Lady and the Daughter, weighting 7,5 tons each. In the front of the Mausoleum, there is a figure of Njegos,
made of the most beautiful stone, weighting 28 tons, and over it a golden eagle with open wings. A couple of thousands of
tons of stone was used for construction of the Mausoleum. From the foothill up to the entrance in the Mausoleum 461 stairs
were built in. The National Park Lovcen is connected with the road Cetinje-Njegusi-Kotor. The macadam road Krstac-Ivanova
korita 12 km long connect several summer pastures on Lovcen.
tourism importance within the National Park itself has a road beginning from Cetinje and ending with the Njegos Mausoleum.
The road is 21 km long. Save for those roads, there are in the mountain also well-preserved remnants of Austro-Hungarian strategic
roads, which linked foothill of the mountain with the peaks. The National Park Lovcen is an area with exceptional natural,
cultural, educational and esthetical value. These qualities enable practising of various forms of tourist movements.
tourism has the most important role. An important factor for its development is the vicinity of developed maritime tourism
region, so that Lovcen represents a part of tourism offer of this region and exactly for this reason there are intensive tourist
excursion flows towards Lovcen. Visit to the Njegos Mausoleum is enormous and during this year there were around 50.000 visitors.
The sport and manifestation tourism has certain tradition on the mountain, since every year a hill-mountain rally is organised
on the road Cetinje-Ivanova korita.
this picnic your photo album will be enriched with the exciting panoramic photos:tour includes stopping at the two most beautiful
view places in Montenegro-Brajici,view of Budva,Becici and St.Stefan and at the serpentine of Njegusi,from where you can see
the whole Boka Kotorska.
last pearl of this picnic is the part of the World's cultural and natural treasury-Kotor.During the visit to this town,you'll
see the cathedral of St.Trifun from the 12 century,Maritime museum,numerous palaces,old squares and feel the atmosphere of
this unique medieval city.